Desk step 1 illustrates brand new incidence of every of risks of the study, depending on the standard of seriousness found. Concurrently, it shows this new reviews between your withdrawals away from girls and boys on other dangers. Total, the participants whom presented no problem ranged ranging from % that has no troubles with difficult Web sites fool around with and up to help you 83.4% that has no troubles which have on the web brushing. We keep in mind that the variety of modest and you will major problems varied ranging from 4% to have sexting and you can 17% to own problematic Internet have fun with. 9% off moderate/really serious trouble plus in cyberbullying, they achieved thirteen.7%. Brand new wavelengths found in the various other degrees of troubles was in fact always higher for females than for males.
Desk step 1
Frequency of any of your threats given that a function of this new seriousness of your situation on the overall take to and of intercourse.
In this regard, significant differences were also found between boys and girls in the mean total scores of cyberbullying victimization (Welch’s t = ?2.02, p < 0.043, d = 0.07), online grooming (Welch's t = ?3.51, p < 0.001, d = 0.12) and problematic Internet use (Welch's t = ?2.07, p < 0.039, d = 0.07). In these cases, the mean scores were higher for girls than for boys. There were no significant differences in the rest of the risks: cyber dating abuse victimization (Welch's t = ?1.9, p < 0.058, d = 0.12) and sexting (Welch's t = 0.94, p < 0.410, d = 0.03).
Regarding the type of school (private and public), significant differences were only found in the risks of online grooming (t = ?3.37, p < 0.001, d = 0.13) and sexting (t = 3.8, p < 0.001, d = 0.15). The mean scores were higher in public schools than in private schools in both cases.
In terms of the educational stage (1st–2nd grade of CSE, 3rd–4th grade of CSE and Post-secondary Education), statistically significant differences were found for the risks of cyberbullying victimization (p < 0.002), online grooming (p < 0.001), sexting (p < 0.001) and problematic Internet use (p < 0.001). The scores were higher in 3rd–4th grades, except for online grooming victimization, where higher scores were found in Post-secondary Education (see Dining table 2 ).
Distinctions since a purpose of instructional phase (1st–next, 3rd–next levels away from CSE and Blog post-additional Education) about dangers (letter = 3212, except for the scenario regarding cyber relationships discipline that have n = 1061).
Note: Yards = arithmetic imply; SD = practical deviation, F = Welch’s-F, p = significance; ? dos = eta squared.
Table step three shows the fresh correlations amongst the individuals threats. All of them got confident and high correlations with each other, on the relationship between cyberbullying victimization and you may cyber relationship victimization updates out. Web sites dangers with an intimate parts (online brushing and sexting) was very coordinated. Generally speaking, the new correlations was large having males in the most common of your threats, apart from the matchmaking anywhere between cyber matchmaking victimization and you may grooming and you may ranging from tricky Websites play with and cyberbullying victimization, online brushing and you may sexting.
Dining table 3
Note: The correlations for boys are shown below the diagonal and for girls above it. All correlations are significant at p < 0.001. M = arithmetic mean; SD = standard deviation.
Desk 4 gift suggestions the fresh comorbidities one of several individuals Sites risks relevant to individual interaction (cyberbullying victimization, cyber dating punishment victimization, sexting and online brushing). Precisely the members exactly who finished every item concerning the threats associated so you can victimization (letter = 1109) was basically felt (we https://datingranking.net/tr/smore-inceleme.e., reducing in the data those who had no companion). Of one’s leftover people, sixty.7% showed a minumum of one of your own analysed dangers (n = 674). The danger toward high private prevalence is actually cyberbullying victimization (%), followed by on the internet grooming. The most common two-chance combos were cyberbullying victimization-on line grooming and cyberbullying-sexting. We high light the 3-chance combination of cyberbullying-sexting-brushing victimization. Fundamentally, 5.49% of your own victimized adolescents demonstrated all of the threats conjointly.